Peacocks are very valuable birds that surely more than one gardener would love to have in a garden. That’s why today we are going to bring a guide with basic peacock care to know how to take care of them, feed them and prepare an ideal space for them to live happily if you dare to have these birds in your home.
Meeting with the peacock
This bird is native to southern India and it is believed that it was Alexander the Great who exported it to Europe. The peacock is sexually dimorphic, meaning the male is different in appearance from the female. The males weigh about 6 kg and measure one meter and a little not counting the tail, its feathers are bright greenish blue in color, and its tail can have up to 150 feathers reaching 1.5 meters. The female peacock weighs around 4 kg, is also one meter tall and her feathers are in shades of brown, red and metallic green.
The male peacock uses its tail to seduce the female and also to defend its territory by trying to drive away other males who are possible rivals.
There are 3 species of peacocks in the world:
- Afroturkey congensis which comes from Africa and is protected because it is in danger of extinction.
- Pavo muticus: It is distinguished by its bright green chest and neck.
- Pavo cristatus: It is the best known and most beautiful turkey because it has a blue breast. This species has many varieties such as bronze, purple, peacock white, violet, cameo or opal.
Ideal enclosure for the peacock
The peacock flyer must have the dimensions according to the number of birds we decide to have. It is recommended to have at least 4 square meters for each turkey and 2 meters high. A manger, a drinker and some hangers for sleeping They must be 1 meter high. The soil should have good drainage.
For peacocks to search for food, an area of 50 square meters where they can eat bugs, grass and run around. If it’s very hot, a place to be in the shade and if it’s cold, a place to shelter.
Also if you have problems with your turkeys escaping, you will need to put a lid on the pen. adult peacocks can fly several meters and get out easily.
peacocks are omnivorous birds because they can eat many foods. If you have your birds free because they will be looking for insects and plants to eat, we will only have to provide them with grain and water.
On the other hand, if you have a closed flyer, they will need food rich in vitamins, proteins and minerals. Apart from that, we can put additional foods such as blackworms that are easy to breed at home and found in fishing stores, kitchen scraps such as fruit peels and vegetable peels. The turkey’s diet is similar to that of the chicken.
health and wellbeing
A healthy peacock can live from 10 to 25 years, but if it does not live in good conditions, it can suffer from diseases. The flyer should be in a hygienic condition and you should be very careful with the excess humidity and temperature because they are cold-sensitive birds.
Vermes, coccidia and aspergillus are possible parasites that our peacocks can contract, which is why they must be dewormed at least once every 3 months externally and internally. It is recommended that a veterinarian check their health from time to time as they can contract certain diseases such as tuberculosis if they are cold.
Reproduction and breeding of peacocks
Raising peacocks is complicated because, unlike other birds, they need the care of an adult individual and if there is none, you will have to pamper them as if they were puppies. Per enclosure, it is advisable to have only one male peacock because they can mate with 5 or 6 females. At mating time, the male unfolds his tail and sings in an attempt to seduce the female.
Once fertilized, females can lay eggs 3 to 12 eggs and they do this in a nest which they have previously built on the ground either by digging or by adding straw and branches. Poults will begin to emerge about a month after being laid. It will take them 2 years to become adult turkeys. If we don’t want to raise turkeys, eggs can be eaten.
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