Landscaping and gardening: main features and differences

decorated gardens

When we talk about green spaces, it is easy to confuse landscaping and gardening. Both have features in common but also big differences. The gardener is responsible for taking care of the plants whose main purpose is decoration. On the other hand, the landscape is a fundamental aspect of our history and our culture. The human being has the need to return to nature and to fight against pollution. Landscaping changes the gray appearance of the city and creates art using natural elements such as plants, topography and waterways.

For this reason, we are going to devote this article to telling you what the main characteristics and differences of garden design are.


what is landscaping

landscaping and gardening differences

This activity aims to modify the visible, psychological and physical character of a space, whether rural or urban.. For this purpose, living elements such as plants and animals, inert elements such as earth and waterways, and human elements such as buildings and structures are used.

Process the elements of life through gardening, planting plants to create a beautiful environment. Modify the terrain, create small hills, and even create small man-made wells and lakes. On the human side, we have structures like pillars, lamps, and buildings.

Landscaping is an art and a science that requires observation, design skills, planning, imagination and organization. It is our rational process of using nature to express and enjoy ourselves by creating spaces that fight pollution and invite relaxation.

This art requires knowledge in sociology, ecology, agronomy, architecture and art. Keep in mind that some green elements take time to process the space.

landscaping elements

Among the features of landscaping we have:

  • Its origins go back to the ecological and social conflicts caused by the industrial revolution and the recognition of the relationship between man and nature. However, since the Middle Ages people had been building gardens, growing food, ornamental and medicinal plants to maintain castles, and even holding contemplations and prayers in monasteries.
  • For the monks of the monastery, each plant has a symbolic meaning. The lily represents the purity of virginity, the rose represents the love of God and the strawberry represents the Trinity. This symbolism will eventually give way to landscaping.
  • Landscaper is a promising careerbecause it is essential in urban planning, the construction of parks and landscaping.
  • He is responsible for transforming natural spaces into works of art.
  • Landscaping is tied to interior design, and sometimes these two crafts work together to produce perfectly balanced and compatible results.
  • Landscaping creates new trends by decorating spaces with components of natural and human elements.
  • It uses anthropic (soil arrangement), abiotic (atmospheric conditions, rocks, ice, water, wind) and biotic components.
  • The aim is to use nature to harmonize the environment.

what is gardening


Cultivation and maintenance of ornamental plants, mainly a very old art, has gained momentum today. Gardening is a word used to refer to the techniques of growing, maintaining and protecting a garden, which means growing plants, flowers, trees and even vegetables. Gardening is an art and a science, the main objective of which is to be able to properly care for and maintain all plants. that make up a place, which we call a garden. A science that deals with the proper growth and health of plants.

Gardening is a science that includes the ability to properly plan and protect a garden. It includes a range of important techniques, from the proper preparation of the land for growing plants, to the different maintenance tasks that need to be carried out every day to keep plants alive and healthy. It is a large-scale activity, mostly using the hands and a few other small tools to get things done.

gardening features

Among the main characteristics that can be observed in the field of horticulture, we mention the following:

  • It is an art closely related to landscaping.
  • This includes growing, caring for, and propagating different types of plants and flowers.
  • It is related to other types of materials with relief, whether natural or artificial.
  • This can be done in a completely open place, or in an enclosed space, or even inside a house or building.
  • Horticulture is also divided into several important branches: horticulture (cultivation of vegetables), floristics (cultivation and propagation of flowers) and arboriculture (cultivation of fruit trees).
  • It is an art that mainly pursues aesthetics.
  • People who maintain and practice gardening are called gardeners.

Differences between landscaping and gardening

landscaping and gardening

The main difference between landscaping and landscaping is the end goal. A gardening company can advise you and will have the means to make crops for decorative purposes as optimal as possible.

If what you are looking for is a garden with plants, whether shady, rainy or dry, with a professional gardening company for everything you need. Install or plant grass, plants, trees and they will be able to advise you on the best space available, the budget and the means necessary according to what you want and what the community can approve. On this basis, gardening companies will be able to plan their interventions, draw up a garden calendar according to their needs and plan the best scenarios for the plants and trees available there.

Similarly, a professional landscaping company can be contracted to maintain a landscaped garden for this purpose.

The difference is here.

Landscaping has different intentions. Landscapers or landscaping companies do very clear intentional planning based on the purpose of the owner of the space. Landscaped gardens are based on design, and we have already discussed this intention. The garden itself has a purpose and expresses fully realized ideas and concepts.

The use of plants and trees will always be based on the design, but it will also be used according to the geographical and weather characteristics of its location, location and space. The landscaping firm will propose these landscaping, landscape architecture and aesthetic balance concepts, as well as maintenance and landscaping recommendations.

I hope with this information you can learn more about the main differences between landscaping and gardening.

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