Moon phases in the garden

The influence of the moons on the oceans (high and low tide), on agriculture (the moons for planting, pruning trees, harvesting, etc.) and even on our state of mind, is today an indisputable phenomenon. .

moon to sow


Moon to sow and tend the garden

What interests us most in this section is to know the most practical moons for sowing in vegetable, cereal and fruit crops, as well as in pruning and harvesting the orchard.

For this we can find in the market biodynamic lunar calendars. These calendars will be used to guide us on the best times to perform the different tasks in the garden, depending on the lunar phases, planetary aspects, etc.

For all those who want to be guided by the moon in their cultures, there is a very interesting book that comes out every year with specific dates. We can check which is the best moon for sowing. This book is called Lunario and you can buy it here:

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lunar 2022

Moon phases for planting and other garden activities

full moon

This is the best time to harvest, remove manure from paddocks, turn compost, cut cane or plant fruit plants.

waning moon

Not only is this the best time to continue the activities started at the full moon, but it is also the best time to plant roots and tubers, such as radishes, beets, potatoes, Garliconions or leeks.

New Moon

This is not a very favorable stage for activities other than weeding.

Crescent moon

It is responsible for stimulating plants with high vegetative growth, green manures, lettuces. In addition to being very conducive to fertility, it is therefore the best time to sow all plants that grow tall and bear fruit, such as tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, cucumber, courgettepumpkin, beans, watermelon, green peas, Jewishetc

As a general rule, it is advisable to sow all plants during the waxing moon, preferably two or three days before the full moon. With the exception of those which can ascend to flower prematurely, as is the case with the lettucewhich must be sown in the waning moon phase.

moon to plant

Important: on the eve of any solstice, whether summer (June 21 or 22) or winter (December 21 or 22), the species planted will be very sensitive to flowering.


In the case of fruit trees, the moon for sowing, planting and caring for our garden has its own peculiarities:

– Any operation carried out in a new moon or in a crescent moon will produce greater vegetative development, causing a delay in the production of the fruit.

– The tasks that are carried out at the full moon or in the waning quarter will favor the production of fruits, favoring a weaker vegetative development.

– As far as pruning is concerned, if the tree is small or you want it to grow vegetatively, it is best to prune it during a new moon or a crescent moon. If, on the contrary, what you are looking for is a brake on its vigour, or an early start to production, it is preferable to prune it at full moon or at the last quarter.

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lunar 2022


Although little is said about the relationship between logging and the moons, it should be kept in mind. We usually focus on the moons to plant and the most varied care of the garden, but we must not leave aside other aspects like this. Keep in mind that:

– If you want to have healthy and strong wood for years, you will have to cut the hardwoods at the full moon or at the last quarter.

– The wood for the fire should be cut in quarter crescents, because that is where it is the driest. Firewood cut at the new moon does not burn well.

– Evergreen trees should be felled at new moon or last quarter.

– Reeds should be cut at full moon or last quarter, to prevent them from easily breaking and getting wrinkled.

plant according to the moon


The matter of land is no less important, and that’s where the moons come in for planting, fertilizing, and more.

– Field work, such as plowing, planting, transplanting or fertilizing, is generally more efficient if we do it in the waning moon. When it comes to removing the sandy type soil, either with plows, milling machines or cultivators or a simple tiller, it will be best to make the waning moon coincide with the crescent moon. On the other hand, if the earth is clay type, it will be better to match the waning moon with the waning moon.

– If the task we want to perform is cleaning competent herbs, we will do it better from the full moon, that is, when the moon begins to wane, preferably from the waning crescent. Likewise, if you want to plow and avoid the germination of wild grasses, it will be better to do this work on moonless nights, because the light triggers the germination process.

Moons to sow and plant

– In the case of sowing and planting, in addition to the appropriate moons, it must be taken into account that it is best to sow in the morning and plant in the afternoon.

To fully understand the concepts and their differences, we will say that, for example, potatoes, radishes, carrots, wheat, barley, etc. are planted, while fruit trees, various plants, etc., are planted.

– When we want to fertilize the earth, we will do it preferably in the crescent moon and, if possible, in the waning moon and in the sign of the earth, avoiding the signs of fire. If we add algae and natural phosphates, we will do the same in a crescent moon. Mineral fertilizers are best made on the waning moon and in the morning. If we add cow manure, we will do it on the waning moon.

To consider:

– The stakes should be pruned preferably at the new moon so that they last longer by driving them into the ground by first removing the point.

– For corn and sunflower, plant preferably on a waning moon and, if possible, on a rising moon, and harvest on a rising moon.

– For the strawberries, transplant them in the waning moon

– Potatoes should be shelled on a waning moon.

– Sow lettuces during the waning moon so that they glean quickly and in autumn they can be sown during the waxing moon.

– When we carry out macerations or preparations of plants, we will do it in a crescent moon and always in wooden or clay containers, never in metal containers.


The transplant is always best in a rising moon in the constellation of fire or air. the crown transplant It is done at the end of winter when the sap begins to rise and the first shoots appear.

sow with the moon

The escutcheon grafting is practiced in August, when the sap rises in an ascending moon, after having watered the rootstocks about 15 days before in order to push the sap. The escutcheon is carved with the bark and a little wood so that the yellow does not jump.

– The rose grafts are made from a shield and can be practiced every month of the year in the ascending moon and they are grafted as low as possible at the border between the white part and the green part in order to avoid the formation of suckers.


It is advisable to prune them on the last day of the rising moon and to plant them on the first day of the waning moon. The cuttings are cut preferably in autumn, between 10 and 15 centimeters above the year’s wood on the last day of the rising moon.


Many crops will keep much better if we take into account the moon and other astrological signs. In general, it can be said, for example, that better results are obtained by harvesting the vegetables which grow above the ground in the ascending moon and in the descending moon for those which grow underground, such as roots, potatoes earth, sweet potatoes, radishes, turnips, etc., always avoiding bad weather.

in which moon is it sown

– Fruits and vegetables that generally don’t keep as well spoil less if not harvested in the watery signs and constellations.

– The fruits harvested in the ascending moon are juicier and rich in energy and if they are harvested in the ascending moon, the ripening process will accelerate more.

– Fruits such as strawberries, raspberries, apricots, plums, cherries or peaches are best picked on a waxing and rising moon and at night.

– Pumpkins and zucchini are best harvested during the waxing moon, especially if we want to keep them natural in the pantry for the winter

– Root crops are best harvested in the waning moon, except for garlic, onions and shallots which prefer the waxing moon.

– Regarding the time, it should be noted that the first hour of the day is the most recommended in almost all harvests.


To make preserves and preserves or marmalades, it will be better to make them in the waning moon in order to obtain better preservation.

sow with the moon


Picking medicinal plants will be preferable in full moon if you want them to have more vitality, and their medicinal virtues will be less noticeable than if you pick them in waning moon.

The closer we get to the new moon, the more medicinal plants tend to dry out and at the same time refine their aromas. Plants should be picked up in the morning, before 12 noon and it is best if the moon is rising. Roots are best harvested in the evening and on a waning moon.

We are going to complete the post with some of the most frequently asked questions. These are resolved in the article, but serve as a quick and easy reference.

On which moon are onions harvested?

The best time to pick onions is the waxing moon.

On which moon is the lettuce planted?

The waning moon to prevent them from sprouting, although in autumn they can be sown during a waxing moon.

On which moon are potatoes harvested?

The waning moon, avoiding rainy days.

On which moon are onions planted?

The waxing moon is the moon for planting onions.

On which moon are the peas planted?

The waxing moon is the best time to plant peas.

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lunar 2022

What to plant on the waning moon

In the waning moon, we mainly plant roots and tubers, such as arracacha, onion, sweet potato (sweet potato, sweet potato), chago (mauka, miso), parsnip (parsnip), tigernut , rutabaga (nabicol), turmeric, daikon (white radish), ginseng, ginger, jicama (pelenga), konjac (glucomannan), Andean maca, mashua (cubio), nabo (cabbage, rapeseed, turnip), yam, oca (ibia, papa oca), olluco (ruba, melloco), potato, radish, leeks, calçots, spring garlic, beetroot, yucca and carrot.

What to plant during a waxing moon

The crescent moon is the perfect time to plant tomatoes, peppers, zucchini, peas, eggplant, and many vegetables that grow tall and bear fruit.

moon to plant tomatoes

The moon for planting tomatoes is the crescent moon.

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moon phases to sow

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