The cultivation of peppers

bell pepper is a vegetable from the nightshade family , therefore a relative of potatoes, eggplants and tomatoes. Its fruits can be of different shapes and colors, usually from yellow to red, while green is an immature manifestation. They can also be distinguished according to their size: large fruit or small fruit (peppers).

This vegetable contains capsaicin , present in particular in the placental part of the fruit, in the seeds. The abundance of capsaicin determines the spiciness of the fruit, its concentration can vary depending on the type of pepper, so you can have hot peppers or milder peppers. In this article we will talk about the cultivation of sweet pepper while we have dedicated a specific guide for those who want to know how to grow hot peppers.

Pepper is an interesting vegetable for the various uses it can have in the kitchen, it is a plant quite demanding in terms of nutrients, but also gives great satisfaction at harvest time . As very common garden vegetables, capsicum and chilli can be found in gardens, with the latter also widely grown indoors or on the balcony.

There are many varieties of peppers, from the square to the cornu, from the Asti pepper to the Friggitelli. If you want to know more, you can read our article on how to choose the type of pepper to grow, which lists some varieties of sweet peppers recommended for organic farming.

Contents [Ocultar]

  • Soil and climate conducive to cultivation

  • How and when to plant pepper

  • Cultivated

    • Growing peppers and chili peppers in jars

  • seedling graft

  • When to Pick Peppers

  • pepper diseases

  • pepper pests

  • Variety of sweet peppers


Culturally appropriate train and climate

Usually I. The pepper plant requires soil ideally with a pH between 5.5 and 7, rich in organic matter and possibly sandy. Preparing the land for peppers requires a deep shovel (even 40-50 cm if possible) to facilitate water drainage. It is very important that the soil does not facilitate stagnation in order to prevent plant diseases.

Fertilization . Peppers like soil rich in organic matter, so they need 3-6 kg of mature manure or a tenth if they use granulated organic manure (manure or compost). If you can, it’s always better to bring in natural organic soil-improving compost, such as compost and manure, than the dry pellet equivalent.

Weather conditions . The right climate for peppers depends a lot on the variety chosen, some need higher temperatures. In general, it is a vegetable that prefers mild temperatures and hot summers. A good exposure is recommended, even if an excess of sun in summer in certain varieties can whiten the fruits.

How and when to sow pepper

Sow. Pepper seeds need high temperatures to germinate, so the advice is to plant the seeds in a warm bed nursery (a wire or mat can be used to heat the seedbed). With a temperature of 24-26 degrees the seeds will hatch in about ten days, you can speed them up with a chamomile bath if necessary. You sow in the winter so that the seedlings are ready in the spring.

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