6 things that are done differently

Terraces offer several advantages when it comes to cultivation such as there are fewer weeds, they can be grown where there is no good soil and they even stay warmer longer when the cold weather hits. Potatoes grow well in raised beds, however, they need a lot of space, so today we are going to learn 6 different things that need to be done to grow potatoes on raised beds. terraces.

potatoes on the terrace

The first point to keep in mind is that potatoes need a lot of space and if we don’t have it, it’s better not to grow them on terraces because it’s not a viable option. to associate them with other cultures in a small space to grow. On the other hand, if you can afford an entire bed for your potatoes, go ahead and read these tips for learning how to grow potatoes in beds.

Why grow potatoes if I can buy them? Well, you will see in the market that there are not many varieties of potatoes to choose from, the same ones are always marketed. There are many varieties to grow in your garden, it’s a matter of trying to see which ones you like the most. And on the other hand they would also be environmentally friendly without poisons.

Contents

Sooner or later?

You must first choose which potatoes interest you according to their state of conservation then the varieties which you like the most.

Early potatoes, also called new potatoes, are harvested in mid-summer, they have a thin skin and must be eaten quickly because they spoil little by little. As for the late ones, these are potatoes that keep longer, have a thicker skin and are larger. They are harvested in the fall.

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Potato planting conditions

Potatoes need at least 6 hours of sun a day to thrive, well-drained soil, and plenty of nutrients. We can add earthworm humus, compost or dried manure as fertilizer to the growing bed. As for irrigation, it will suffice if it rains frequently in your area, however if you live in a place with little rainfall you will need to water abundantly at least once a week, everything will depend on the local climate. When watering, it is best not to wet the potato leaves as they are susceptible to fungi such as powdery mildew. And if they get wet from rain, antifungal treatments should be applied after each rain.

preparation for cultivation

Seed potatoes for planting are sold in many agricultural stores, but we also have the option of buying them from the supermarket if we have no other way and preparing them for planting. We will place the selected potatoes in a warm, sunny place so that the sprouts can grow. A few days before planting them, we will divide them into 2 pieces if they are very large and let this part dry out before planting them in the ground.

Sow and Hill

The terraces can be of two types depending on the land we have and the space. With a lot of depth and with little, in the first the potatoes are excellent and give a lot of harvest in the second it gives less harvest but it is still much better than planting directly in the ground.

  1. Deep beds: These are terraces 30 cm deep or more in which we will make trenches about 10 cm deep and separate them from the other trenches at a distance of 30 cm. We add the fertilizer we want and the bone meal inside the trench and we put the potato seeds that we had prepared at a distance of 30 cm from each other. We loosely cover with earth. In a few weeks the plants will have grown about 20 cm in height, now is the time to forage the plant, which consists of putting soil on the plant so that only the highest leaves remain outside. We can repeat the process when they grow back 20cm or we can just let the potato grow.
  2. Shallow terraces: To compensate for the lack of soil, straw will be used. We make trenches 3 cm deep, if we can make more than one, they will be 30 cm apart and the same distance between the potatoes. Now, instead of covering with soil, we will cover with a layer of straw of about 25 cm. It should be thick enough to block light. Dampen the straw well so it doesn’t blow away or you can cover it with cardboard and pebbles until it flattens out for a few days. In a few days you will need to remove the cardboard so that the potato pushes through the straw. When they have reached 20 cm, they will be covered with straw as in the previous case, leaving only a few upper leaves. You have to be careful that the straw does not fly away and if necessary, replace it if you see that it is missing somewhere.

plant potatoes on the terrace

How and when to harvest

When harvesting early potatoes, we must pay special attention to the flowers, when they dry up, it means they are ready to harvest. It can also happen that they do not flower and do not fall before, it is then when they begin to fall that we can harvest them.

As for late potatoes, the branches will start to turn yellow and dry out, that’s when you can harvest your potatoes. It often coincides with the first frosts.

In order for the skin of the potatoes to harden and be able to store them longer, you need to wait 1-2 weeks after the branches have dried. If when removing the tubers they are inadvertently pierced, they can be used to eat but not to store, a rotten potato will rot the rest.

Those of us who have covered the potatoes with straw only have to put on gloves and remove the straw to be able to harvest.

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Hardening and storage

Once the potatoes have been dug up, it is important to let them dry for a few hours on the ground, in the sun. When they dry, remove large clods of earth with your hands, but you should not be too careful because a thin layer of earth helps protect the potatoes. If when harvesting potatoes we cut some, we separate them and use them immediately.

In a dark, dry area of ​​​​the house, we lay newspapers on the floor or cardboard and place the potatoes separately from each other. We will leave them there for about 15 days. After the drying process is complete, we can store the potatoes together in a dry, cool and dark place.

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growing potatoes on a raised bed

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