Do you like artichokes? If so, and you have a small garden to plant them in, I recommend learning how to breed them. One of the most recommended methods for its simple and fast technique is propagation by cuttings. This type of reproduction is one of the most used in agriculture, since it can be applied to many different plant species. But in this article we want to explain how to plant artichoke cuttings.
We will briefly comment on how this vegetable can be reproduced and then we will explain how to do it using cuttings and when is the best time to perform this task. So do not hesitate to continue reading if you want to multiply your artichoke plant! You will see how very simple but effective it is.
How to reproduce the artichoke?
When it comes to propagating the artichoke in our garden, we can buy new plants from a garden store or directly from a nursery, or use the plant we already have to get more of these vegetables. In this second case, There are different methods that we can use to reproduce the artichoke:
- Seed propagation: In recent years, this type of propagation in commercial cultivation has increased. The reason for this is that ideal varieties of artichokes have appeared to propagate them by seeds. In addition, this cultivation system has been improved. However, it is not the most recommended for fans.
- Multiplication by suction cups: This method is more suitable for urban gardens. It is enough to cut off the shoots that appear on the bush and plant them, ideally in February and March.
- Multiplication by meristems: It is a professional technique that helps prevent health problems and plant degeneration. Specimens obtained from this method are normally used as mother plants when propagating artichokes.
- Propagation by cuttings: Propagation by cuttings is what interests us in this article. This is the method most used by professional farmers, and it also happens to be very safe. It consists of cutting a piece of stem or root to plant it and grow a new plant. This technique is the most recommended for gardening enthusiasts, as it is very simple. We discuss this in more detail below.
How to plant artichoke cuttings step by step
Once we are clear that we want to reproduce our artichoke plant by cuttings, it’s time to get to work. Let’s see step by step How to do it:
- Cut the cuttings: To obtain a cutting, we must cut a piece of the mother plant, either from the stem or from the rhizome. It is important that this piece contains at least one yolk, although it is better if there are two or three.
- Impregnate the base of the cuttings with rooting agents (optional): While it is true that the use of rooting agents is not essential, it is strongly advised. Impregnating the base of the cuttings with liquid hormones will promote their rooting.
- Plant the cuttings: Once we have obtained the cuttings, it is time to plant them in the ground, nothing to put them first in water as we do with other plants. The best thing to do is to place them in a seedbed first, so that you can protect them in the event of major weather changes. When the seedling reaches a certain size, it can be carefully transplanted into the vegetable patch.
- Water: Finally, irrigation. It is important that the substrate remains moist, but without flooding it.
It sucks, right? But before starting this task, we better point out a few things. For artichoke cuttings to develop properly, it is best to prepare a well-aerated substrate, rich in humus and organic matter. Ideally, add some coarse sand to make it more porous and some compost to better maintain humidity.
In general, artichokes do not need excessive fertilization. In fact, mature compost fertilizers are already sufficient, and guano and manure should be avoided at all costs, as they do not like anything. While it is true that this plant generally adapts well to various types of soil, Cuttings should be planted in deep, loose, well-drained soil. It must be said that clay soils are not suitable for them at all.
Some research and studies conducted by horticulturalists recommend using rooting treatments to achieve good development of artichoke cuttings. If we treat them with auxin-type growth regulators, we can significantly increase the percentage of success in terms of root formation. In addition, the creation of roots is accelerated and their quality increases. The use of this little helper is very simple: Before planting the cuttings in the substrate, the base must be impregnated with the rooting agent. Of course, be careful when handling these products and do not accidentally ingest them.
The Best Home Rooting Agents for Your Cuttings
Generally synthetic chemical materials which tend to perform better when it comes to stimulating root formation These are ANA (naphthalene acetic) and IBA (indole butyric) acids. Over a wide range of concentrations, both of these products are non-toxic and highly effective.
When are artichoke cuttings planted?
Now that we know how to plant artichoke cuttings, we need to consider when to do it. The best time to perform this task is in spring and summer. In cold regions it is best to plant between April and March, while in warmer regions it should be done between July and September. However, thanks to scientific advances and modern techniques, reproduction by cuttings can be done at any time of the year, provided that favorable environmental conditions are provided for the plants.
As you can see, planting artichoke cuttings is a very simple task that we can do in our garden without any problem. Of course, we must provide the necessary care so that we can reap its delicious fruits. If you’re not quite sure what this vegetable needs, here’s a growing guide.