Calla diseases: care, diseases and pests

Creek diseases are usually caused by poor care and pests

Many people are curious about the most beautiful and exotic plants. And this is not surprising, because these are usually vegetables that do not go unnoticed. A good example for this are the beautiful coves. These plants are distinguished by their large, impressive flowers and pleasant fragrance. They are ideal vegetables for outdoors and indoors. However, Care must be taken to protect them from creek disease.

In order to help you maintain these pretty flowers, We will tell you what they are, what care they require and what are the diseases of the calla lily. This way, you can have them in optimal condition and enjoy their immense beauty in your home.

What are creeks?

Callas are native to South Africa

Also known as water lilies, calla lilies are a pretty vegetable native to South Africa. They get the scientific name of Zantedeschia aethiopica. Due to their elegant appearance and their large, showy flowers, they are very popular plants in the world of gardening, but also for interior decoration. In addition, these flowers stand out for their very pleasant fragrance, which makes them ideal plants to beautify our environment and create a fantastic atmosphere.

Usually, when planting these beautiful flowers, this is done by acquiring their rhizome or bulb. What is the stem, the coves do not have one as such, but the flower stems and leaves arise directly from the rhizome, which makes them very particular and beautiful vegetables. It should be noted that the creeks can reach a height of up to 150 centimeters and that They need a lot of humidity.

These herbaceous perennials are very hardy, contrary to popular belief, due to their elegant appearance. The cracks can very well develop both outdoors and indoors, as long as we provide them with a minimum of care, especially the irrigation which must be abundant for these vegetables. Of course, it will be easier for us to take care of these beautiful flowers in warm or temperate climates. Later we will comment on all the care that water lilies require.

When do callas bloom?

Since the main feature of calla lilies is their large, showy flowers, it’s only natural that we wonder when they bloom. Generally, the bulbs of these plants are usually planted in autumn, which coincides with the time when it will be easier for us to find it both in specialized stores and in nurseries. Regularly, These plants flower between the months of February and October. The time of its flowering will mainly depend on the variety we have chosen, since it can be early or late flowering.

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Types of coves

As for the so-called calla flower, it is in fact the formation of its bracts, which are essentially leaves that arise from the peduncle of the flowers of certain plants. They usually have a different shape, consistency and color from the normal leaf. In the case of coves, the bracts are called spathes and are usually white. However, Today there are different types of creeks that differ mainly in the color of their spathes. We can find white, black, pink, fuchsia, green coves, etc. Some varieties can even combine two different colors. In the central area of ​​​​the spathes is the place where the inflorescence develops, called the spadix and which is yellow.

Creek Care

Callas need constant high humidity

Before talking about calla lily diseases, we will first comment on the care that these flowers require. It is very important to know them because it is the only way to prevent our plants from suffering from certain pathologies. If we know how to take care of these vegetables, we will also know what happens to them when they show symptoms.

Substrate and pot

We can grow creeks outdoors and indoors. If we plant them directly in garden soil, it is important that they have good drainage. When the weather turns cold, the best we can do to protect these plants is Padding the substrate with a mulch or layer of mulch. This will keep the rhizome at a more suitable temperature and improve moisture retention.

If you want to grow callas in pots, these must be large enough for the rhizome to have enough space to develop properly. In addition, it is essential that it has drainage holes, given the irrigation needs of these plants. It is also important to transplant them regularly, if possible once every two years.

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How to Care for Calla Lilies

It is important that the substrate is well drained, because the humidity level must be constant for these flowers. The most recommended is to use the following mixture:

Location, temperature and brightness

With regard to the light they must receive and, ultimately, their location, it will depend on the climate we live in. In the hottest coves will be more comfortable in a semi-shaded spot. On the other hand, in cold climates, it is preferable that they receive as much sun as possible, but be careful, next to the windows, they can get burned by the magnifying effect they have.

The ideal temperature for these plants is between 14°C and 20°C. However, they are able to survive temperatures well below their optimum degrees. In light frosts, the aerial part of calla lilies will most likely die, but the rhizome may survive and regrow the following season.

Irrigation and fertilization

Undoubtedly, the most important point regarding the maintenance of creeks is irrigation. Humidity levels should be high and consistent, yes, without flooding the earth. It is better to water regularly than to flood the pot once in a while.

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As for the subscriber, it is better to perform this task every 15 days during the hottest months of the year. Manure or fertilizer can be ecological and organic and can be applied directly to the substrate or via irrigation water.

Calla lilies pests and diseases

Calla lilies can be affected by scale insects, aphids and red spider mites

Now let’s move on to the subject that really interests us: azulejo diseases and their pests. Fortunately, there are not many pathologies that can affect these beautiful flowers, the most likely cause being negligence on our part not a fungus or a virus.

One of the most common symptoms that can be seen in cracks is leaf color loss. When they are no longer seen as pretty, the cause is most likely a ground too dry In this case, it is important to properly regulate the watering and ensure that these plants receive enough moisture. Remember that coves require a fairly high humidity level and that abundant watering is essential for the proper maintenance of these plants.

On the contrary, if the leaves begin to acquire a yellowish color, This may be due to excess water. So be careful how much water you pour on them, it’s not about drowning them. However, this color change in the leaves It can also be due to the presence of a very harmful and annoying mite: the red spider mite. In this case, the leaves not only turn yellow, but also curl up and appear as a dusty effect on them. The best thing to do to control the red spider mite is to spray the leaves with a certain frequency, since the lack of humidity facilitates the development of this mite.

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The creeks can also be affected by the famous scale insects, especially the cottony ones. If you suffer from this scourge, spots will appear on the underside of the leaves. If we want to eliminate these annoying insects, one idea would be to wet the alcohol with cotton and pass it through the leaves of the affected plant. In the event that we have vegetables outside, we can also apply specific insecticides for scale insects.

Besides mites and cottony bugs, calla lilies can also be affected by aphids. Whatever bug is causing us problems, the most advisable thing is to remove all infected parts as soon as possible and use a little insecticidea, if possible ecological.

Something that often happens with creeks is that burnt areas appear. This is probably because the plant in question has been exposed to too much sun. It could also be that it was watered just during the hours when the sun shines with more strength and intensity. At these times, the water droplets act like a magnifying glass. That is to say: They concentrate the sun’s rays, causing burns on the plants.

As you can see, it is not a difficult task to care for and maintain cracks, but doing it badly can cause pathologies and promote the appearance of parasites. But don’t worry, because everything has a solution, especially now that you know more about calla diseases.

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