Cultivation of Jerusalem artichokes

This tuber of American origin has today also become a grass in our country. It grows wild along rivers and reproduces from the tuber like potatoes. It is a little known vegetable but very easy to grow. Jerusalem artichoke is also called German turnip.

You might also like:

It is a very resistant plant of the compound family, free from diseases, with a woody stem that easily exceeds two meters in height, it emits characteristic yellow flowers with a shape similar to that of daisies with a diameter of 10 centimeters. The edible part for which Jerusalem artichoke is grown is the tuber.

Where to grow it. It is a very undemanding and certainly infesting plant, once planted the Jerusalem artichokes will not be easy to eliminate and the plant will certainly come back to disturb your next crop. For this reason, it is better to carefully delimit the flower bed dedicated to this rare vegetable and possibly put it at the edge of your field. As a position it can be satisfied and it can also be located in areas with little sunlight, its habitat would be the riverbank, so it should not be too dry soil.


Jerusalem artichoke implant

Jerusalem artichokes are sown at the end of winter (between the end of February and May) and then harvested as winter vegetables. The tubers are buried at the end of winter, possibly leaving the shoots in place.

As the sixth planting, it is necessary to maintain a minimum distance of 50 cm between plants, the recommended planting depth is 10-15 cm.

Amber Farm Mouse

The plant does not require any special care and the Jerusalem artichoke does not fear diseases, so it does not require any phytosanitary treatment or pesticide. The water supply should be controlled by irrigating when necessary and weeding periodically.

Diseases . Jerusalem artichokes do not fear diseases and are not very sensitive to attacks by insects and parasites. Its main enemy is the mouse, which can damage the tubers.

Collection and consumption

Jerusalem artichokes are harvested by digging the tubers under the stem of the plant, digging up to 10 cm deep, the thicker the outer stem of the plant, the more large Jerusalem artichokes can be expected to be found. Harvesting takes place after summer, it can be harvested in stages depending on whether you want to consume the vegetable and obtain an excellent winter vegetable that is always available, ideal for the vegetable garden. The tubers are cleaned by brushing and cooked without peeling, they are also edible raw. The Jerusalem artichoke is a little known but very tasty vegetable, it has a bitter taste very similar to that of the artichoke. Cooked tubers have a mild laxative effect and digestive properties. Culinary advice: try them pan-fried… children in particular will love them. The Jerusalem artichoke harvest is almost always very satisfactory because it is a very productive plant in terms of quantity.

Jerusalem artichokes produce tubers deep down, so it is very difficult to harvest them all, and they often stay in the ground and continue to grow for years. It can continue to grow for several years but always leave few tubers or the size of the crop will be affected.

Where to find Jerusalem artichokes . It’s not always easy to find Jerusalem artichokes for planting in farmer groups, but they can be found online.

Leave a Comment