Do you want to buy rustic land? Main aspects to assess

After experiencing such an unusual situation as the mandatory confinement due to the 2020 pandemic, we Spaniards have undergone a small change of mentality and now we strongly value open spaces, access to a garden and the acquisition of houses and rural land.

That is why in recent years we have experienced a wave of people interested in acquiring rustic land where it increases their contact with nature and, also, serves to earn extra profit.

In this article we give you some interesting details for people interested in acquiring rustic land and all the details that surround the sale of rustic properties.


What should I know before buying land?

Know first hand the surface of the farm

The best way to verify with great precision the real measurements of a rustic ground is through the expert measurement.

However, if we do not have access to the farm, the cadastral certificate or one free SIGPAC report will offer us a fairly rough estimate. Check that the data we find is close to what the seller offers in his ad.

Once you have purchased and the change of ownership is complete, expert measurement will be mandatory.

Peculiarities and concessions of the domain

Depending on the use you want to give to the farm, there are particularities that are important to know before making the purchase decision. Yes it’s for agricultural useaccess to water (irrigation concession) and total irrigated area it is extremely important.

Another negative point is the slope of the landbecause steep slopes reduce farm productivity and increase the rate of soil erosion.

Finally, access to the farm is extremely important and is an element to be taken into account and can greatly condition the exploitation of the land, especially when we are talking about the need for access by heavy machinery.

How do you know if a rustic property is legal?

Another extremely important point is before buying rustic land is to know what your legal status of to avoid legal problems.

For this, it is useful to answer these questions internally or ask the owner, in order to clarify any doubts:

  • Does the rustic land have constructions declared and legalized from an urban point of view?
  • Is the farm in the middle of a road, river or cattle track?
  • Does rustic soil have a filler?
  • Is the farm in consortium with the public administration?
  • Is the property currently rented?
  • Is the data reflected in the cadastre the same as in the register?

This last point is important to get rid of any legal problems when buying it, because with the purchase everything is transferred (including problems).

Therefore, a Simple remark allows us to obtain a lot of information before the purchase, such as:

  • farm owner
  • Farm ownership percentage
  • Existence of the usufruct
  • agricultural area
  • Existence of buildings

If the property owner refuses to show us this informationit is preferable that you retract the purchase.

Most frequent problems when buying a rustic property

Buying a rustic property is not associated with more or less problems than a house or land on developable land. They are just different.

The advice we gave you in the previous points problems will be minimizedand that they are generally related to the omission or transformation of information for the benefit of the seller.

Some most common problems when buying rustic land are the following:

  • Surface information does not coincide with SIGPAC
  • Discrepancies between register and cadastre information.
  • Borders with neighbors are not well marked and there are historical conflicts.
  • There are constructions or access to irrigation that are not declared and therefore not legalized.
  • The farm has terminals and servitudes which create nuisances or prevent the full exploitation of the land.
  • There is no proper study of the tax assessment of the farm and more taxes are paid than the actual and mandatory taxes.

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