How to grow tomatoes

The tomato is a plant native to Peru, cultivated in Mexico first by the Mayas and then by the Aztecs. Over the past 200 years it has become one of the most important orchard crops, many varieties have been bred for its cultivation, adapting the plant to the most varied climates and soils.

It is a vegetable that cannot be missing in any good vegetable garden, so we are going to give you some tips on how to grow tomatoes. As always, we plan to grow our vegetables in accordance with organic farming, that is to say without using synthetic chemical insecticides but with natural defense methods. The objective is to obtain healthy and sustainable vegetables, we will see how to do it here.

From the beefsteak cherry tomato, from the classic salsa tomato to the extravagant black tomatoes, we are talking about a vegetable that never tires, thanks to its many varieties and thousand uses in the kitchen. The satisfaction of eating a tomato picked straight from its own plant will pay for all the farm labor involved, so let’s look at how best to grow this vegetable in an organic garden.

Contents [Ocultar]

  • The right soil and climate for tomatoes

  • fertilizing tomatoes

  • How to plant tomatoes

  • plant seedlings

  • grow tomatoes

    • Build the supports and attach the tomato

    • Pruning and defermentation of tomatoes

    • How much to water the tomato

    • Crop rotation

  • tomato adversity

    • tomato diseases

    • tomato physiopathies

    • Tomato insects and pests

  • tomato varieties


The right soil and climate for tomatoes

Usually I. The ideal soil for growing tomatoes is at pH=6, the soil must be quite loose and draining, without stagnant water which would promote plant diseases. To obtain a good harvest, the soil must be rich in nutrients and organic matter. In fact, the tomato is quite a “greedy” vegetable.

Climate . Although fairly cold-resistant tomato varieties have been selected, it is still a plant that fears frost and above all requires excellent exposure to the sun. You can grow tomatoes just about anywhere in Italy, as long as you have sunny land. The plant also fears excessive aridity, which can be limited by applying mulch and watering.

fertilizing tomatoes

Fertilizing tomatoes is very important for a good harvest, especially if the soil has been cultivated before. The most important contribution of organic matter is “basic fertilization”: it consists of putting the fertilizer in the soil preparation phase.

As quantity we calculate 0.6 kg of granulated organic fertilizer per square meter, 10 times more if it is manure or mature compost. If you have a choice, it’s always better to use mature manure rather than pellets, as it adds more substance to the soil and improves soil structure. If the production is staggered, it is possible to intervene during the work with the addition of fertilizers, also intervening with water-soluble organic products such as ox blood or borlande (residues from the transformation of beet).

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