How to plant tomatoes.

How much to water the tomato

For the tomato plant, there are no strict rules regarding watering. At the time of settling it is necessary to water regularly, after this first phase give water from time to time. After rooting, we start again with regular watering until the tomatoes ripen. Indeed, once mature, frequent watering is no longer necessary, except during heat waves. Keep in mind that tomato plants absorb water only from the side, so they only get the resources they need when they enter the ground. Plants located indoors will not be able to take advantage of the rain, so you must remember to wet at all times as the soil is dehydrated around the plants.

Planting and cultivation of tomatoes.

Seeds should be planted about six weeks before the end of winter. They should be placed two centimeters deep in small pots. After germinating, they need light. The pH of the soil should be slightly acidic. In February, sowing is done in a germinator, it is important that the temperature is around seventeen degrees. Seeds should be spaced about an inch apart, covered with a layer of soil, and watered moderately with a sprinkler. Once the seeds are placed, the soil should always be moist, later when they sprout, leave one per pot, choosing the most robust, during growth the seedlings should be tied to supports placed vertically at regular distances.

How and when to fertilize

Once the plants reach flowering, it is necessary to help set the fruits. Wait until noon and gently shake the supports so that the pollen falls. Bushy plants do not need this treatment. Fertilization is done when the fruits begin to swell. Use a suitable liquid fertilizer or a mature soil to spread during the winter or towards the end of the fall. Strictly follow the instructions on the packaging. In some cases this fertilization operation is not necessary, especially if the soil is naturally rich in nutrients and previously excavated and aerated. Keep in mind that over-fertilizing will facilitate overproduction of foliage, reducing plant fruiting.

Tomato plants need lots of sun and heat, so it’s best to put them in the sunniest spot possible. Unfortunately, it is a plant that could be attacked by various diseases, from sowing to fruiting. One of them is called potato rust and shows dark spots on the fruits, spoiling them. The defense is to harvest the leaves and fruits at the first symptoms and to use fungicide products. Leaf mold is also dangerous and if it occurs, infected leaves should be removed immediately and the plants better ventilated. Irregular watering can cause the fruit to rot and break. Snails attack plants and can be removed with traps.

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