Anyone who wants to farm helicopters for their passion or income should be able to choose which type of snail to farm. Different breeds have different characteristics and therefore different flavors and productivity. The choice of type is therefore a crucial point in a helicopter project, especially if it is designed as a lucrative activity.
The term “snail” refers to slugs (limax), the large red snails that are gardeners’ sworn enemy, and not to snails, which are rather those with shells. Parolalumaca is now commonly used to refer to all gastropods and that is why we use it here in reference to snails (helix), which are suitable for reproduction.
There are many breeds of snails, among which we eat some that are very common such as the Borgognona snail (helix pomatia), other varieties are intended for more local consumption such as the bbabbalucci (theba pisana) typical of Sicily.
The largest types of farm snails
Here are the main breeds of snails to eat, which can therefore be of commercial interest to the winemaker:
Helix Pomatia, the biggest snail
This species is widespread in European farms, especially in France, where snails are traditionally a typical dish. It is not for nothing that it is called Burgundy snail or Burgundy snail . It is very interesting from the point of view of heliculture because it is a snail that reaches large sizes (even more than 5 cm), macerates and reproduces more slowly than other varieties. Its slime also has excellent properties and is used in cosmetics or to make cough syrups. Also called snail Vignaiola Bianca and in France Escargot Gros Blanc.
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Helix Pomatia, Burgundy snail.
Cornu Aspersum or Helix Aspersa, the best known snail
In Italy it is the most popular type of snail, since it is highly sought after from a culinary point of view, in fact it is one of the most appreciated varieties of meat. It likes the Mediterranean climate, it is also for this reason that it is very widespread especially in this climatic zone. It is a very resistant breed and easy to develop: it grows and reproduces quickly (120 eggs per year), for these reasons Helix aspersa snails are easy to raise. Compared to the Burgundy snails, the asp has much smaller dimensions, usually the adult specimen is 3.5 cm long. It is known in central and southern Italy as maruzza or knurled in France it is called Little Gray and in Spain Caracolas.
Cornu Aspersum, knurled snail
Theba pisana, the field snail
Taba pisana is a typical variety from Sicily, where it is cooked spicy or with the famous pesto alla trapanese, it is a small snail. Due to the low weight of each specimen, it is rarely grown, harvested and cooked. In addition to the scientific name of Theba Pisana, it is also known as bovoletto or cozzella di campagna while in Sicily it is called Babbalucci .
Helix Vermiculata or Eobania, the Rigatella snail
The two-tone stripes that paint its shell have earned it the name Rigatella questalumaca, typical of central Italy, well known in Lazio. It is normally not high because choppers prefer to choose the knurled snail, which is faster to open. The Eobania snail is small in size and therefore not very productive.