If you’ve arrived here, it’s because you’re wondering what to sow and what to plant in the fall. With the arrival of autumn, the days begin to shorten and the temperatures begin to drop. Our summer crops less resistant to these low temperatures are starting to die and it’s time to prepare for fall and phase out these crops, but that doesn’t mean our garden has to take a break.
While it is true that crops will now grow at an even slower pace, our garden this season can be full of vitality. So, in this article, we are going to learn about many fall crops and vegetables.
This article on what to plant in the fall, as well as the one we published grow in late winter or early springThey are completely indicative. Although they are suitable for almost any climate, if you have winters extremely difficult it is much better to delay these crops until the end of winter or grow them in the greenhouse.
We will distinguish 3 large groups in this article:
- Crops that we can plant all year round, so in autumn they are also feasible
- Crops that we are going to do direct sowing on the terrace or cultivation table
- The crops we will plant in their final place
WHAT TO PLANT IN AUTUMN
The crops that we can put throughout the year, provided that we avoid if we live in more extreme climates, the coldest and hottest months of the year are the following:
Carrots (Complete Guide on How to plant carrots)
You must avoid frost, but you can plant them almost all year round. They take 90 days to harvest, and they pair well with onions, garlic, lettuce, radishes, tomatoes and peas. Avoid related vegetables such as parsley, celery and fennel.
Lettuces (how to plant lettuce)
They can be sown all year round, but in summer they have premature bolting. Depending on the variety of lettuce, we will have success in the different seasons of the year. From sowing to transplanting, a minimum of one month is necessary. And be careful, you can only remove the leaves, leaving the root, so that it grows again. It is strongly advised to associate lettuce with other longer crops such as onions or tomatoes, so that once the lettuce is harvested, the other crops occupy its space.
Swiss Chard (Complete Guide to Planting or Transplanting Swiss Chard)
It is a vegetable that grows both in the sun and partial shade it is therefore ideal now at this time that the days are shorter. In about 60 days we will begin to have leaves to be able to use them as we wish in the kitchen for broths and stews, we can also split and freeze the leaves to have them later.
They like sunny places and soils rich in organic matter, they can be planted both in the garden and in the urban garden because they adapt very well to small spaces. In about 2 months we can harvest them or we can pick small leaves little by little.
radishes (See our article on how sow and plant radishes).
It is the plant par excellence for beginners in the garden, because its cultivation is simple. It adapts well to partial shade. and must be grown from seed. In 30 days we can already harvest.
Its leaves remind me of the flavor of nuts and it is eaten in salads. It is very easy to grow in a pot, the seeds are planted and as soon as it has a medium size you can start taking leaves.
Typical crops of this time that can be sown directly on terraces or cultivation tables would be crops that resist well to low temperatures and even grow much better at lower temperatures, although there are more varieties resistant to high temperatures, growing them in autumn is ideal:
Garlic (To guide Complete cultivation)
The garlic clove is sown directly in the ground during winter and autumn, it is one of the star vegetables of this winter season.
Green peas (To guide complete for growing peas)
It is an autumn crop, watch out for frost. You must put a cane or a stick that acts as a stake, but it is not necessary to attach it, since the plant will do it naturally. It takes 60 days to be ready for harvest. It is necessary to avoid that they coincide with vegetables of the same family. It is also not recommended to make it coincide with garlic or onion. They are compatible with carrots, radishes, cabbage and lettuce.
Beans (complete guide to broad bean cultivation)
Another of those crops that must be planted in autumn, in the middle of the year, as long as the risk of frost is not very strong, since night and not continuous frosts, they resist them very well, the stakes do not their are not necessary , but it is recommended to prepare protection if we are at risk of strong winds. In 90 days we can start picking the first pods. Better to avoid associating it with cultures of the same family. They are compatible with carrots, radishes, cabbage and lettuce.
Spinach ( To guide Complete Culture )
It has a fairly short cycle, since its harvest is done after about 40 days. It is good to sow them associated with plants with long cycles such as tomato, eggplant in the spring or onion and cabbage in the fall. At the end of summer and at the end of winter, its culture is better.
Celery (Sprout Seedless Celery)
It accepts cold well, so it can be planted in winter, although it blooms earlier. Germination is slow and requires a lot of water, so you can’t neglect watering. You should avoid planting it with carrot or parsley.
WHAT TO PLANT IN AUTUMN
Apart from direct sowing from seed which we carry out directly in the garden, we can also transplant certain plants to their final location- i.e. those which we have made a seedbed in the summer or now bought the plant in a nursery. These crops prefer less hot climates, so they are ideal for planting in autumn or late winter depending on our climates. We can plant:
- Brussels sprouts
- Pack Choi
- Buds of Tudela
Cauliflower (How to make cauliflower seedlings)
Like cabbage, it is advisable to transplant it for spring or autumn, trying to avoid months of excessive heat such as summer, transplanting in late summer or early autumn allows to occupy the garden during the winter months. It can also be transplanted in late winter. It is interesting to transplant in stages to avoid having all the cauliflowers at once. After three months you can harvest cauliflower.
Broccoli (How to Plant Broccoli)
Like the rest of its family, the crucifers, it is advisable to transplant it for spring or autumn, trying to avoid months of excessive heat such as summer, transplanting at the end of summer or at early fall keeps the garden occupied during the winter months. It can also be transplanted in late winter. It is interesting to transplant in stages to avoid having all the broccoli at once, after three months it can be harvested.
Cabbage, red cabbage and cabbage
They do best in direct sunlight, prefer soil rich in organic matter, and are intolerant of drought. You can leave a few specimens to harvest at the end but I prefer to take the leaves little by little, chop them and freeze them to use them later because that way the caterpillars don’t eat them. Check out our article on how plant cabbage or cabbage in the garden.
It needs a planting frame of about 40×40 cm for it to develop well, we can make nurseries but if we get seedlings we gain two months and in about 90 days we can start harvesting them.
leeks (you can see our article on how plant leeks in the garden)
They need 30cm deep in pots and about 20cm between plants. Leeks need soil rich in organic matter and we have to cover it as it grows to whiten them, it is also a plant that requires a lot of nitrogen.
It is a root vegetable that resists the cold well, but you must ensure that the soil is spongy and not clumped, that it has no stones or clods so that it can grow without problems.
Brussels sprouts (How to sow Brussels sprouts)
Like the rest of its family, the crucifers, it is advisable to transplant it for spring or autumn, trying to avoid months of excessive heat such as summer, transplanting at the end of summer or at early fall keeps the garden occupied during the winter months. It can also be transplanted in late winter. it is not necessary to transplant them in stages because they can be perfectly frozen and after three months they can be harvested.
The leaves and the tuber can be eaten. As in the previous case, they need a soft floor to avoid deformations. It is a demanding culture with irrigation.
Beetroot (like sow beets)
I know consumes the leaf so much as a tuber in salads. It needs very soft, stone-free soil. They love the sun a lot and do very well in urban gardens.
It is a plant that is used for stews and soups. It is easy to grow, it is planted by seed and we recommend that it be organic because it is a vegetable that retains a lot of pesticides.
The medicinal plants that you can plant are:
They prefer the spot in the garden that has direct sun because that way it will grow more. It can withstand the winter cold. Its flowers can attract insects to less cold places.
These are some of the crops that we can plant in autumn, which as you can see are not uncommon and our garden at this time can have a lot of activity.
I leave you the video with everything a little more explained and if you think I left a crop, do not hesitate to leave it in the comments, together we will make this guide more complete. If you don’t know when to grow a vegetable, you always have the sowing calendar.
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