When to plant vegetables: the best tips and tricks

when to plant vegetables in summer

When you start the urban garden, you begin to learn about the sowing schedule for many crops, including vegetables. For this reason, many people wonder when to plant vegetables. Depending on the type of vegetable, it is necessary to find a more suitable time of year for its correct growth.

For this reason, we are going to dedicate this article to telling you when to plant vegetables depending on the type and to some examples and tips.


When to plant vegetables

when to plant vegetables

The first thing you should know is that not all vegetables should be grown at the same time. What is it about? Because some are designed to thrive in cool, wet conditions, while others need warmth and good weather.

Generally speaking, the origin of a vegetable has a lot to do with everything. Those from warmer, sunnier regions like chilli or peppers, eggplant or sweet potatoes, etc. will need these conditions. The same, but in turn, it happens to those in colder climates. If you plant them in the heat, the harvest will not be good.

So let’s see in what season the most common vegetables can be grown.


urban garden

The best time in spring is the end of winter frosts. We will give some examples of spring sown vegetables.


When planning eggplant planting or transplanting, two things should be considered: the right climate for its growth and the preparation of the plant to withstand transplanting from abroad. This is essential if you are growing outdoors without any protection. Below 18°C, the growth is too slow, it is better to put it in a high temperature environment, until the temperature is just right, wait until late spring and early summer. Even if the frosts have stopped, if the temperature is still very low, the plants will hardly grow, and they will be much slower anyway than in a sheltered place.

In mid-spring, long after the frost, you can plant eggplants outdoors. They can be helped by covering them with a sufficiently large PET bottle, which will help increase the air temperature around the plants. In tropical and subtropical climates, it can be transplanted in early spring or late in the cool season.


Certain vegetables, such as leeks, onions or lettuce, can be grown at any time of the year because they will continue to grow without major complications even when conditions are not optimal.

Others, like the pumpkin, must be planted on specific dates for two reasons:

  • They only grow well under certain conditions.
  • Several months pass between sowing and fruit ripening.

In climates with consistently warm temperatures, squash can be planted anytime, but it is better to plant it before the sunniest season, when it will grow better and faster. For other climates, it is necessary to plan when to plant.

In the spring, you can also sit the following vegetables:

  • Zucchini
  • Onion
  • Salad
  • Cantaloupe
  • Bean
  • Potato
  • Cucumber
  • Pepper
  • Leek
  • Watermelon
  • Tomato



Although much less common than spring, summer is the best time of year to grow certain vegetables which require heating at the start of cultivation and cooling as they grow to prevent premature flowering. We will give some examples of when to plant vegetables in summer according to their type:

cabbage or cabbage

Interesting if the seeds are already available, or even if you have to buy them, if you want to grow a lot of sprouts, give them away, etc. It takes an additional month of cultivation from seedlings, which is exactly when the plants enter the seedbed. Cabbage is a cool, temperate climate vegetable that grows best between 15 and 20°C.

From 0°C the plant will begin to grow, albeit slowly, so in many areas winter is usually not a problem for it.

If the climate is dry for part of the year, planting should be planned so that the crop grows during wet periods, as it is a plant that constantly needs water. For most varieties, the planting period is generally from mid-winter to mid-summer.

Given that the duration of a culture is generally about 150 days (5 months)planting should be planned based on the local climate and an understanding of the above temperature requirements.


Broccoli grows best in cool, humid climates. between 15 and 20°C, with a maximum temperature of 24 or 25°C. Broccoli, like other cabbage, adapts well to all types of soil, but prefers a loose, deep, rich texture that is high in organic matter and slightly acidic.

If in doubt, it is best to do a small test culture. It is harvested in spring and summer, autumn and winter. In countries without spring, planting should be done at the end of the hot season for a harvest in the cool season.

Broccoli plants are usually ready to transplant about 30 days after sowingalthough this depends on the quality of the growing conditions.

In the summer they are also planted:

  • Cauliflower
  • Spinach
  • chard
  • Salad

Autumn and winter

Finally, another set of vegetables should be planted when the temperatures are cooler. They need cold at the beginning of development and heat at the end.


Artichokes are temperature demanding plants. most varieties require considerable cold weather in fall and winter to flower vigorously and, for the plants to thrive, the climate must be warm enough, that is, transplanted or planted. If it doesn’t work, we’ll have to wait until next year to do the long-awaited chapter in quantity and quality, the edible part.


It is a culture that requires a cool climate, at first the leaves develop and reserves accumulate in them, in the final stage, when the weather is warm, nutrients are transferred from the leaves to the bulbs. Generally speaking, garlic grown in the fall will develop bigger and better bulbs unless other unfavorable conditions arise, such as waterlogging.

They can also be sown in the spring with good results, but this is less common. Early spring is the last resort if they cannot be planted in fall or winter. Garlic needs a low temperature of 7-10°C to germinate.

The other vegetables are:

  • Peas
  • Chickpea
  • asparagus
  • Bean

Hopefully with this information you can learn more about when to plant vegetables in your urban garden.

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