Kiwi plant – Tips for my garden


How to water the kiwi plant

The water requirements of the kiwi plant are very high, especially in the early growth phase and for newly planted shrubs. It has shallow roots with a low total volume, compared to the size of the crown and the mass of leaves present. It is essential to water them immediately after planting and regularly, especially if there are no heavy rains, it is also necessary to water daily. Even during periods of drought, it is necessary to water very frequently, making sure that the soil is always hydrated. For this reason, very large crops use underground irrigation systems which are accompanied by water sprayers to cool the leaves and fruits during the hottest periods.

How to grow kiwi fruit

The kiwi plant suffers from frost and likes a temperate climate like citrus, so if you are planting in an area where the temperature drops a lot in winter, consider covering it. In fact, it is recommended to plant it in the spring, properly preparing the hole where to place it, being a climber, a very suitable place to plant it is near a wall, since its branches need a solid support. Either way, the plant needs vertical and horizontal trellises or wires to grow. The main stem should grow vertically, while the side shoots should grow horizontally. If there is no risk of frost, you can leave the fruits attached to the plant all winter, picking them between December and February.

How to Fertilize Kiwis

During the spring period, it is advisable to lay mature manure superficially around the plant. The kiwi plant needs many nutrients of all kinds to provide consistent fruit production. Nitrogen is the determining element for excellent fruiting. It should be provided in abundance, especially during and immediately after fruit harvest. In this way, the kiwi plant will be able to recreate the substances necessary for future growth and fruiting the following year. Phosphorus and especially potassium are also very important. These minerals have a decisive influence on the size, sweetness and flavor of kiwifruit. Administration of chelated iron products helps with chlorosis.

Kiwi: exposure and possible diseases

The best exposure for the kiwi plant is in the sun. However, at certain times of the year, such as during the summer season, the temperature can get too high and damage the plant. For this reason, lightly shaded fabrics are often placed over the plants. Unfortunately, kiwis have been affected by bacteriosis in recent years. This disease is harmful and presents with drops that turn reddish, causing a clearly visible rot. The only method to counter the disease is to cut off the infected branches or even completely remove the plant, burning everything to prevent its spread. After pruning, spread copper additive substances. Do not use bees that can infect other crops.

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