Roses – Tips for my garden

Roses

Small and colorful, the roses maintain all the charm of the traditional roses in a smaller and more compact plant but of equal beauty, very common to grow in the apartment or to embellish the gardens and enrich them with fragrance thanks to the intense scent of the flowers. They are also particularly decorative due to their long flowering period, which extends from March to September or October. the rosesthey are among the oldest plants that still enjoy wide distribution today: traces of the existence of this plant have been found even dating back forty million years. The distribution of this shrub is extremely wide: originally from the northern hemisphere, today the plant can be purchased almost everywhere, taking care to respect its characteristics and cultivation needs. Such an ancient origin is also attested by a presence rooted in culture and art: the small rosesthey have always been symbols of secrecy due to the tight petals around the center, while according to mythology the origin of the colors of these small flowers is linked to Venus: walking and pricking herself with a thorn, she would have dyed the roses with her own blood. The little rose also finds application in the medical field for the creation of mouthwashes, eye drops, antiseptic and astringent medicines.

Cultivated

Roses are generally grown in pots: this allows, in the event of outdoor exposure, to be moved to sheltered spaces during the winter season. The bush survives well even at high temperatures, but does not tolerate harsh climates that drop below freezing. However, temperatures above thirty degrees could cause premature flower drop and leaf scorch. Therefore, it is better to avoid direct exposure to the sun for too long in the hottest periods, however, choose a well-lit area. To further avoid these risks, more frequent irrigations will be scheduled during the summer months, which are usually done by immersion. However, it is important to be careful and avoid getting the leaves and flowers wet: excessive humidity could favor the proliferation of parasites and fungal diseases. Nitrogen, magnesium, iron and potassium are essential elements for the healthy and flowering development of roses, so from the winter period and until the appearance of the first buds, it is advisable to carry out periodic fertilization. to enrich the soil with all the specific nutrients necessary for the development of the plant.

Transplantation, reproduction and pruning

Roses do not need large spaces to grow, so the bush can initially be placed in small pots. Over time, when repotting is needed, you may choose to place the plant with all its roots in a slightly larger container. Transplant operations are extremely simple and simply require the use of universal soil; for a more nutritious substrate, it is possible to place a layer of manure under the plant. The transplant can be done in the spring from the second year of the plant’s life. Instead, reproduction is carried out only by cuttings: also in this case the best time to intervene is spring, with the cutting of branches of about 10 cm to place them in an earthen enclosure, sand and peat with high humidity to promote rooting. This operation will last about a month, after which it will be possible to begin to reduce the humidity level and circulate the air. The rerun will be followed by two covers, about a month apart. Once the plant has reached considerable development, it is possible to control the size of the shrub and promote its healthy development through pruning: it will be done in the autumn or winter period, while in summer the flowers will be removed before they can grow, produce fruit, which would weaken the plant. The rerun will be followed by two covers, about a month apart. Once the plant has reached considerable development, it is possible to control the size of the shrub and promote its healthy development through pruning: it will be done in the autumn or winter period, while in summer the flowers will be removed before they can grow, produce fruit, which would weaken the plant. The rerun will be followed by two covers, about a month apart. Once the plant has reached considerable development, it is possible to control the size of the shrub and promote its healthy development through pruning: it will be done in the autumn or winter period, while in summer the flowers will be removed before they can grow, produce fruit, which will weaken the plant.

Rosellina: diseases and parasites

Like many species of shrubs, roses are susceptible to attack by parasites and in particular to fungal diseases, so a preventive operation will be necessary. This can be done during the irrigation phase, through the use of specific products. Aphids, mealybugs, white disease and rust are the main enemies of this plant, against which it will be necessary to act by specific preventive or subsequent treatments, to eradicate the infestation, if it is generalized and it is no longer possible to control it. limit to cutting the affected branch. As can be seen, excessive humidity can also be detrimental to the plant, so it is advisable to avoid water stagnation and water more frequently. Fertile and properly fertilized soil, a

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