November is a cold month for many plants and a time when the first frosts begin in many areas. No more nightshades such as tomatoes, peppers or eggplant grown in summer and the last crop harvested in September or even early October.
Although the number of plants to choose from is reduced, the range is still very wide, leaving room for new plantings that we could not choose in the summer due to their growing conditions, such as brassicas.
List of horticultural plants to grow in November
The aromatic plants of November
In November, autumn being well established, it is also a favorable climate for many aromatic plants, in particular those which are resistant and which grow almost all year round. Here are some aromatics you can plant in November:
Keep in mind that if you decide to grow these herbs outdoors, you will need to keep the seedlings protected from frost during their first development. For this reason, it is advisable to sow them indoors, in pots or any other container, before transplanting. In the case of living in an area with freezing temperatures during the winter and continuous frost, we can continue to keep them protected in pots.
Attentive at temperatures
Although in November we can grow species as common as lettuce or broccoli, not all of them will survive if they grow in very cold conditions or with continuous frost.
To find out whether or not you can if you haven’t had previous experience growing these crops, it’s best to check a history of the temperatures in your area, avoiding temperatures that drop below 0°C all the time, especially at night.
Irrigation and humidity control
In winter, the relative humidity of the environment increases and gives way to rains which can be more or less continuous. This moisture in the environment does not benefit species sensitive to bacteria and fungi. This condition is particularly bad if the temperatures are not yet essentially low and we still have highs of 15 to 20 ºC.
With respect to soil moisture, the shift from October to November represents a significant change in the amount of irrigation, bringing it down to 0 in many tree crops such as stone or pome fruit trees.
With the gradual reduction of the risks, we will also reduce the contribution of mineral fertilizers to a minimum. We can still recover the reserves of the ground with the contribution of compost or manure in the form of mulch, which we will repeat at the beginning of spring, with the growth of many crops, if we have had a rainy winter.
It’s time to protect many crops, and it must start with the foundations of the house. Many frost-affected crops grow relatively easily in the spring if the roots are healthy and strong. Therefore, mulching with mulch, compost or straw is a good recommendation for the most sensitive crops. Plus, the soil and its microbiology will thank you.
To harvest from different cultures
November is a month of transition in which various crops of great importance are harvested.
Citrus: the mandarin and citrus season begins in October and November for many varieties. Others are postponed to the first months of the following year.
olive grove: November and December are the main olive harvest months, mainly for oil production. The first picked it up in September in what is called green harvest. Less oil percentage due to less fat yield, but much more flavor.
Kiwi: The harvest of this crop with subtropical characteristics begins in October and November, at least in the northern hemisphere.
Chestnuts: the more backward gather the chestnuts in November, which remain on the tree for much of the winter. Usually they can be collected before, because during the All Saints’ Day it is common to see stalls of chestnuts in the streets of Spain. The chestnut harvest season begins in September and lasts until November.
Walnut: As in the previous case, the harvest period begins a little earlier, in September, but can extend until a good part of autumn, as in November.
Horticultural crops: early sowings at the end of August and September of lettuce and the Brassica genus (mainly broccoli and cauliflower) are harvested at this time, starting a new planting cycle, this time much slower, of 90 to 120 days.