11 tips for planting in the garden

Beginners in the orchard or garden are often frustrated at first because plants don’t grow as expected or a pest enters and destroys the whole crop. In this article we will focus on the garden for beginners, we will give you a series of tips to start planting in the garden and that you will be more successful in your next attempt.

vegetable garden for beginners

Start planting in the garden little by little

We are all beginners and when we start we want to plant everything in the garden to feed the whole family, but it is advisable to start small and know the plants and crops that are good for us in our area where we will feel. outmoded. If this is your first year in the garden, planting tomatoes and planting peppers or a small garden of herbs or beans, lettuce and planting onions is ideal. First, you need to get used to the needs of each plant. They should keep your small plot not over watered, but also not dry, well fertilized and pest free. If all goes well this year, you can develop a little more next year. In the garden for beginners, the ideal is to start with crops that are quick and not very harmful, such as leafy crops such as lettuce or spinach, roots such as radishes.

plant in the garden

Garden for beginners: plant what you like to eat

Do you like fresh tomatoes in salad? Or make tomato jam? Then tomatoes should be on your list of what to plant in the garden. If you love padrón peppers, but only you and no one else in your family, then with 3 plants you might have had enough. You should always try to plant with the measure of who is going to consume it.

That said, nothing like homemade, especially if the products come from our gardens, which you know are 100% organic and when you taste them they have a different flavor, the strawberries are sweeter, the lettuce is fresher . When they are already advanced in the garden, they can try new things, even vegetables they have never tried, they may like if they try them or add them to homemade dishes.

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Plant what’s in your climate

Knowing the local conditions is one of the most important things when it comes to knowing what to grow in the garden, as this will determine what you can plant and when, if you live in a cold northern region, then you should plant crops acclimatized to that. place and short season varieties than others. If you live in an area that stays warm most of the year, you’ll be planting your seasonal vegetables long before the rest of the country. Often, asking local gardeners, at the market or walking through orchards helps us know what to plant in each season.

how to start a garden

Pay attention to the living space of each plant

Many farmers, in order to take advantage of the space, move the plants closer than usual and do not realize that this will result in the fruits coming out smaller and not developing well. Each plant needs a living space, both in depth and in height, which must be respected for its proper development. We must ensure that each plant also has the light and depth necessary for its roots to develop and not to compete with each other.

use padding

Weeds are perhaps the number one source of frustration for novice growers, they grow quickly and can choke and rob vegetables of nutrients. The elimination of weeds must be done daily but if you do not want to spend hours and hours on your knees you can provide a mulch or mulch for the garden to prevent these plants from coming out. It also provides other benefits such as retaining moisture in the soil. There are several mulch options, from straw, cardboard to leaves or bark.

Keep a garden journal

A garden tip for beginners is that we should not rely on our memory and it is better to make a sketch of our garden and where we planted everything, for next year to be able to make a crop rotation. We need to have a list with the parasites that affected us and which treatments worked well and which didn’t. So next time we already know how to act.

In addition, it is also a good idea to label the plants in the garden or foyer know what they are, because some seeds take a long time to germinate and then sometimes we don’t know what they are. It’s not even a bad idea to label the varieties of each species, so you know which ones work best for you and which ones don’t.

Familiarize yourself with your local plants and weeds

There is nothing more beautiful than taking care of a seed of corn until the first sprout appears. In order not to make serious mistakes, it is necessary to become familiar with the appearance of the young plants that are being sown to avoid uprooting them thinking that it is bad grass.

amend the soil

Healthy soil makes plants healthy and every year we need to provide the nutrients our plants need through fertilization. There are several products that we can contribute to the ground, such as dried manure (it’s dry, it doesn’t smell and I recommend it for urban gardens), fresh manure, earthworm humus That is compost. At the end of each season we can plant a cover crop that provides green manure for the next year or we cover the bed with cut leaves.

If the soil is not well fertilized, you can consult the deficiencies it may have, mainly depending on the coloring of the leaves. But in this case, you have to be careful not to go too far. As we have seen recently, burnt leaves due to excess fertilizer is a manifestation that, as with irrigation, can go too far on this issue. For this reason, it is important to gradually learn about the needs of each culture.

Prepare for the plagues

Leaving mother nature to take care of pests is very complicated because special conditions of several years are necessary for this to happen and in a beginner orchard pests cause damage because the minimum requirements are not respected. Observe your plants and everything wrong color It can be caused by a fungus or by lack of nutrientsthe holes can be for the caterpillars That is snails Nothing happens to eat the damaged products, we just cut the part with holes and that’s it.

Don’t forget the flowers

If we want our plants to produce vegetables or fruits, we must attract pollinators to the garden like bees, hoverfliesa few wasps, bumblebees and for that we need flowersIt’s always good to have a daisy that tends to grow well and is quite hardy, or other plants like these.

how to start a garden from scratch

Water if necessary

Water is very important in the garden, but we must apply it in its proper measure. Don’t overdo it as it can cause disease in the plants or water too little as the plants just don’t grow enough. It is advisable to give it at least a deep irrigation once a week if it has not rained and the rest of the week can be a day if and another day not, it depends a lot if it is rain. an orchard or a potted orchard.

It is important not to water the plants from above, but from the base and to avoid wetting the leaves because this avoids many fungi and it is always better in the morning or at sunset so we avoid changes sudden temperature changes in the plant that can cause water stress and crack the fruit.

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vegetable garden for beginners

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