Complementary planting consists of combining different crops or plants so that they acquire notable advantages in their growth and development. It is scientifically proven that the association of certain plants gives them extraordinary powers of development and growth. Nature is wise, today we are going to see some combinations for the garden.
the companion plants they help each other to grow, for example, tall plants give shade to shorter ones and are sensitive to the sun, vines cover the ground while longer ones grow upwards, allowing two plants to occupy the same location. I will show you below 13 plant combinations for the orchard or the garden.
roses and garlic
The trick of planting garlic or onions between rose bushes has always been known as they can repel aphids which can affect rose bushes to some extent.
doilies and melons
The mats grow vertically and their roots also repel nematodes that can affect melon plants. Ideal allies without a doubt.
tomatoes and cabbage
The characteristic smell of tomato stems wards off the dreaded cabbage borer (Plutella xylostella), a species whose larvae can burrow large holes in its leaves. It should not be confused with the cabbage butterfly, which also feeds on its leaves and is controlled by spraying Bacillus on its leaves.
Cucumbers and Nasturtiums
Calendula is a climbing plant whose flowers are also edible, it will climb or weave through the cucumber or pumpkin plant, repelling the cucumber beetle or giving refuge to other predators like spiders or beetles.
Peppers and Amaranth
Miners prefer amaranth leaves to pierce before pepper leaves. Just be careful to uproot the amaranth plants when they bloom so they don’t self-seed all over the garden. Amaranth is a pseudo-cereal that can be considered invasive.
cabbage and dill
Dill is an excellent companion for plants of the cabbage family such as Brussels sprouts, cabbage, red cabbage, Brussels sprouts… Dill grows vigorously and attracts certain predators or parasitoids such as wasps which feed on caterpillars that may appear in plants.
corn and beans
In this case, the benefit is reciprocal because the grains will provide nitrogen from the air to the corn and the latter will help the grains as a structure to climb. The bean may also attract certain predators of maize pests such as leafhoppers.
Lettuces and tall flowers
Lettuce grows best in shade, so if you live in a sunny climate, you can plant tobacco because it grows upright and its leaves are broad or spider-flowered (cleome).
Radish and spinach
Among the spinach, radishes can be planted as this will attract leaf miners. It does not matter if the radish leaves are eaten as this will not prevent them from growing well underground.
Potatoes and Allysum
Allysum or Lobularia maritima has small, showy, fragrant flowers that attract predatory wasps and other beneficial insects. They can be planted together or we can let them spread throughout the garden to act as a ground cover under plants such as broccoli.
Strawberries and love in a mist
Love in a mist is a large blue flower that will help attract beneficial insects to our strawberries and since it grows vertically this won’t be a problem for the strawberries. In addition, pollinating insects will also be attracted by its aroma and the blue color of its flowers.
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Cauliflower and Zinnias
Dwarf zinnia flowers will attract ladybugs and other predators, which will help protect the cauliflower from pests.
Cabbage and catnip
Catnip near cabbages repels the cabbage flea, a small insect that eats cabbage leaves.
Carrots and onions
Onions give off a strong odor that will repel the carrot fly, they can be interposed between plant and plant or even in interposed rows.
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