6 shade trees, perfect for warm or temperate climates

Fagus sylvatica 'Quercifolia', shade trees

When designing a garden, it is common to consider having one or more shade trees, either in a hedge or as an isolated specimen. Although there are many that once adults give a good shade, it is important to choose the one that, of course, we like the most, but also the one that best suits our climate. In this way we will avoid wasting money and time, and we will be able to enjoy our garden even more.

That’s why we have made a small selection of shade trees for you for different climates: from tropical to temperate.

Ligustrum lucidum tree in bloom

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Shade trees for hot climates (tropical to Mediterranean)

Delonix regia (Flamboyant)

royal delonix

The flamboyant It is a very ornamental tree, very fast growing in frost-free climates, whose red flowers are very striking. It reaches a height of 12 meters. Although young specimens do not provide much shade (as can be seen in the photo above), adults provide a lot, since Delonix regia, from a young age, tends to grow more in width , to come out longer and longer branches. , which thickens the trunk.

so many if you have a small garden like a big onethe flamboyant will be an ideal choice for you.

flamboyant tree

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Flamboyant

ficus

ficus lyrata

The ficus It is a genus of climbing trees and shrubs distributed all over the equator. Most of them have roots that are not suitable for small gardens, such as the ficus benghalensis or the hardy ficusHowever, species like ficus benjamina That is ficus retusa they can be without problems in this type of garden. But unfortunately, these are species that are not very suitable for providing shade.

But no problem. species like ficus lyrata (top photo) it may not provide enough shade for us to picnic under its shelter, but it will provide enough if you want to put plants around it that don’t like direct sun , like small palms like those of the genus Chamaedorea.

View of an adult Ficus microcarpa

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Silica from Ceratonia

Silica from Ceratonia

The carob treewhose scientific name is Silica from CeratoniaIt is an ideal tree for gardens requiring little or no maintenance. Distributed throughout the Mediterranean, it can reach a height of 6 to 7 meters, with a crown of about the same height: about 5 meters. It is a very long-lived, medium-fast growing species.

waist resistant, we can form it however we want. We can even let it grow quietly, and once adult, cut the branches that we consider too long.

carob leaves

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Acacia

saline acacia

The majority of acacia trees They grow as bushes or small trees evenly distributed throughout Ecuador. Most of them don’t give shade, but there are some like the acacia tortillas (species native to the north of the African continent, ideal for tropical or subtropical climates) or the saline acacia (top photo) which, once grown, give very good shade.

Acacia dealbata is a tree with yellow flowers

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All acacias They are very fast growing and very drought tolerant.. So much so that some species are naturalizing in the Mediterranean, where rainfall does not reach 400 liters per year.

Shade trees for temperate climates, with light to moderate frosts

Oak (Quercus robur)

Quercus suber

The Oak It is a majestic tree that can reach a height of 40 meters, with a width of 10 meters. It is a deciduous tree that likes to feel the passing of the seasons in temperate climates. It does not tolerate excessive heat or drought. It is distributed throughout Europe, but it is only found above 600 meters in elevation, in slightly acidic terrain and with freezing winters. It usually grows with trees that also provide good shade, such as fagus sylvatica (header photo).

The oak is a big tree

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Oak (Quercus)

In the garden it will look spectacular as isolated specimenwhere it has enough land to be able to develop properly.

Aesculus hippocastanum

Aesculus hipposcastanum

And finally we have the Indian brownwhose scientific name is Aesculus hipposcastanum. It is a deciduous tree that can reach 30 meters in height, with rapid growth. Originally from Albania, Bulgaria and the former Yugoslavia. Currently acclimatized by all places that enjoy a temperate climate.

Likes acid soils, especially wide ones. It is not resistant to drought, nor to the hot or dry winds typical of more coastal climates.

Aesculus hippocastanum

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Horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum)

The million dollar question: Which of these shade trees would you choose if you had to choose? Complicated, right? The best is that you choose the one that best suits the conditions of your gardenso you can enjoy its shadow without complications.

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