Planting beans: how and when

Bean is a legume native to South America that has spread widely throughout Europe, becoming the cornerstone of the Mediterranean diet of many Italian regions.

The simplicity of its culture and nutritional richness vegetables have given it great success, in fact beans contain a lot of protein which makes them perfect to replace meat in vegetarian diets.

Therefore, it is worth growing this legume in his orchard in this article you will find useful tips to know the best way to plant your beans, if you are interested in other cultivation operations you can also consult the Orto Da Coltivare bean cultivation guide.

Contents [Ocultar]

  • Bean seeds and varieties

  • Dwarf or climbing beans

  • When to Plant Beans

  • How to plant beans

    • In the nursery or in the field

  • Preparing the ground for the beans

Bean seeds and varieties

From borlotti to spanish whites, there are around 500 different varieties of beans of different colors, shapes and sizes, so it is difficult to describe the seed precisely and impossible to give a valid weight for all types of beans. It can be defined as an oval-shaped bean whose dimensions vary from 0.5 to 2 cm that are found inside the pods of the plant. On average, one gram of seeds corresponds to 2 to 5 seeds.

The duration of germination bean seed is 2-3 years , then you start to have a high percentage of seeds that don’t germinate. If conditions are generally correct after planting bean sprouts and comes out of the ground in 7/10 days . This legume adapts to all soils, preferring medium soils that are neither too sandy nor too clayey.

Dwarf or climbing beans

The first thing to do is choose the kind of bean to sow, as we have seen there are many varieties, but we can make a first major division between the dwarf bean and the climbing bean, since this characteristic determines the size of the plant and therefore “impacts” on the design of the courtyard flowerbeds.

dwarf bean characterized by very fast and comfortable production its cultivation cycle lasts about 60 days and the plant does not need any support, but at the cost of a drop in productivity.

the climbing bean on the other hand, is ideal for small orchards because it develops in height and has a remarkable production , almost three times higher than the bush bean. Climbing varieties generally have a longer growth cycle 90 days from sowing to harvest.

When to Plant Beans

To determine the best time to grow beans, you should know that this plant does not tolerate frost and prefers an ambient temperature above 13°-15°.

Intense cold could reduce production due to a metabolic slowdown in the plant. After the last frosts, depending on where you are, you can plant beans from the end of March to June/July .

A good practice for home gardens is to plant every 15-20 days to have a constant harvest until autumn.

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