The natural habitat of the cherry tree is represented by not too humid wooded areas, from the plain to about 1600 meters above sea level. It is a plant that can reach up to 30 meters in height and has a short lifespan, barely exceeding a hundred years of life. Also very popular in the garden, the wild cherry it flowers profusely and before the rest of the vegetation. Being a hardy plant, it does not require special care. It will be enough to water it regularly, keeping the soil moist but without overdoing it so as not to cause root rot. The waterings must be more frequent in spring and summer, to help the plant which does not prefer too arid and dry soils and high temperatures.
how to take care of it
If you have chosen to plant a wild cherry in your garden you will not have to worry too much about its maintenance. It is a hardy tree that adapts well to any type of soil and does not require special care. Does not like stagnant water but requires soil that is not too dry. It prefers nitrogen-rich soils and direct sunlight. Fairly resistant to cold, the wild cherry tree tolerates temperatures as low as -10°C and is one of the first fruit plants to flower in the spring. Frost can produce cracks in its trunk, from which emerges an amber-colored gummy resin, which is used in the pharmaceutical field. Cherry tail is widely consumed in herbal medicine, where it is used for the preparation of diuretic products.
In the first years of life of the wild cherry tree, it is not necessary to carry out any type of soil fertilization. From the fourth year, when the cherry tree is planted in its final location, it will be advisable to carry out annual treatments based on fertilizers rich in nitrogen. Fertilization should be carried out after harvesting the fruits. Nitrogen is in fact a substance necessary for the correct growth of the wild cherry tree, and it is contained in many elements that make up the plant. The supply of the substance occurs directly from the soil, but this process is sometimes difficult due to the high volatility of the compound. A correct supply of fertilizer carried out in the recommended period will contribute to the growth of the plant,
Being a hardy plant, the wild cherry tree is quite resistant to attack by fungi and insects. The main diseases to which it is prone derive from pathogenic fungi such as coryneum, root system rot and particular insects such as black cherry aphid, white mealybug and cherry fruit fly. However, these are still diseases that can be easily solved with the help of pesticide products that can be found in specialized garden centers. Reproduction of the plant can take place from seeds. After the pulp of the fruit, which contains substances that prevent germination, is squeezed out, place the seeds in light soil, so that they are regularly moistened. Germination will take place from the year following the sowing of the seeds.