Basil “Ocimum basilicum” is one of the oldest herbs used by mankind, it is a green leafy member of the mint family.
It has its roots in Asia and Africa. It is most often used as a tea, treatment, supplement, or food seasoning. There are different types of basil. It is widely known and used by many for the nutrients it contains and its health benefits.
Some of the nutrients in basil are;
- Vitamin A, C and K
- Omega 3
- And some antioxidants.
[New Read] Basil Companion Plants: 10 Best Plants To Grow With Basil
What are the different types of basil?
- Sweet Basil – This type of basil is probably the most common and most used in the basil family. It is used in salads and to season food. It is also used as a mosquito repellent. Sweet basil has an antioxidant known as eugenol. Eugenol is known to fight infections and relieve pain.
- Holy Basil: Holy basil is also known as tulsi in India, it is used to help circulation, kidneys and stomach, it is also used in cooking.
- Cinnamon Basil: Also known as Mexican basil, it smells like cinnamon. It is mainly used for baking and tea.
There are other types of basil, such as lemon-lime basil, African blue basil, cardinal basil. Basil is one of the most beautiful plants to have in your garden. However, it is very important to know how to plant and care for basil.
One of the most important aspects of planting basil is knowing the right amount of sun the plant needs.
Does Basil Need Too Much Sun?
Basil is a plant that needs a sunny, warm place to grow, both indoors and outdoors. The plant should receive an average of 6-9 hours of sunlight per day. However, as a seedling, basil should not be exposed to too much sun. The seedling will discolor if not protected from the sun.
Ripe basil, unlike seedlings, should be exposed to the sun. Does not need shade. If ripe basil receives less sunlight, it will have a whitening effect. It is also recommended that if you live somewhere with a hot climate, you take care of it during the hot part of the day.
How to make your basil plant grow faster?
While basil is wonderful to plant in your garden, basil can also be planted, cared for, and harvested indoors. There is also no special training for growing basil.
Your basil plant needs water to stay hydrated and prevent the roots from drying out. It requires about an inch of water per week. The best time to water your basil plant is in the morning. However, if you have your plant in a container or pot, it will need more water.
The basil plant needs little to no fertilization. Too much fertilizer can be harmful to your plant. Basil grows quickly with or without fertilizer and harvesting basil leaves from seed can take around 3-4 weeks.
As mentioned above, the basil plant needs at least 6-9 hours of sunlight per day. However, it is important to note that your plant may lack chlorophyll, become discolored if exposed to too much sun as a seedling, or less sun as a mature plant.
Tips for Growing Basil Indoors
- Location: Due to the basil’s need for sunlight, when choosing a location for your basil, you should choose a location where your basil receives direct sunlight. for example, porch, balcony, etc. Remember to put a shield on it if you are in a high temperature place.
- Soil Remediation – This can be done by adding organic matter to help the soil retain water, especially in sandy soils. It also prepares the soil for root, water and air penetration.
- Give your plant space: Your plant should be spaced 12 to 16 inches apart to allow air circulation.
- Dig a hole and place your plant in the hole, then use your hand to cover the ground.
- Water the plant to help it retain moisture.
Growing the basil plant in your garden or kitchen is not as difficult as it looks, it is even more beneficial, safe and healthy for you.
Learn more about home gardening:
- 7 Easy-to-Grow Snake Killer Plants
- 10 vegetables that don’t need full sun to grow
- The 16 Best Zucchini Companion Plants to Grow
- Parsley Companion Plants: 10 Best Plants To Grow With Parsley
- What does organic mean in gardening?
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