Eggplant from planting to harvest

Eggplant is a hardy, easy-to-grow vegetable that is drought tolerant and loves temperate climates. This plant has a sturdy stem and is not prone to disease.

Along with potato, pepper and tomato, it belongs to the nightshade family and is scientifically known as Solanum melongena .

It is a plant of Asian origin, today available in different varieties, with fruits ranging from pure white to deep black, it is an interesting vegetable to put on the table for its multiple uses in the kitchen and its excellent qualities. nutritional.

You can plant eggplant seedlings very easily and let them grow in your garden. Below is a guide on how to grow eggplant organically, always staying on topic, you might also be interested in some tips on how to choose the best eggplant varieties for your garden.

Those without land can consider keeping this horticultural plant also in jar knowing that it requires a good size container.

Contents [Ocultar]

  • The right climate and the right soil for eggplants

    • prepare the terrain

    • Fertilization in the plant

    • the good climate

  • eggplant seedlings

  • plant graft

  • The phases of eggplant cultivation

    • Size, supports and tixag__4

    • How much and when to water

    • Crop rotation

  • Eggplant adversities

    • Eggplant Diseases

    • harmful and harmful

    • The flower farm

  • Pick the eggplant

  • eggplant variety

Suitable climate and soil for eggplants

Eggplant is a very resistant crop to diseases, its main weak point is related to the weather, since the cold can slow down the growth of the plant making it dwarf, while excessive heat blocks the harvest: if the conditions are unfavorable , flower drop may occur, i.e. abnormal and premature flower drop with consequent loss of fruit. However, do not worry, a few precautions are enough to ensure the success of this vegetable and you can always protect the plant when the temperature is too high with shade nets, when it is too low with non-woven fabric.

Prepare the ground

Eggplants need soil rich in organic matter and nutrients, like other nightshades like tomatoes and peppers, they are quite demanding vegetables. The fact that the water does not stagnate is also important, especially for organic farming: good tillage prevents most diseases. For these reasons, it is necessary to take care of the preparation of the soil, with a deep sword so that it is loose and drained.

fertilization in the plant

For this culture to be successful in the garden, it is important that the soil is fertile and well fertilized. Before transplanting or sowing, between 3 and 8 kg of mature manure can be buried for each square meter cultivated . If manure or leather manure is used, i.e. a dry product, a tenth of these values ​​​​can be considered, so we are talking about 3/8 etti. The right amount of fertilizer depends on the characteristics of the soil and the previous exploitation of the garden.

When fertilizing, however, care must be taken that there is no excess nitrogen to avoid the fall of the flowers, therefore, although the food must not be lacking, care must be taken not to overdo it with the fertilizer.

the good climate

Eggplants are quite delicate plants from the point of view of the climate: they require excellent exposure to the sun and, above all, you have to be careful with the temperatures. Below 9 degrees, the plant experiences climatic stress caused by the cold and is likely to be stunted, so care must be taken especially at night. A temperature above 15 degrees will then be necessary for the allegation of flowers (mutation of flowers in the fruit), while temperatures above 32-33 °C cause the flowers to drop.

eggplant seed

This vegetable is generally sown in March in a protected nursery, while transplanting to the garden is generally done after Jan April or more o As mentioned above regarding temperatures, seedlings should only be planted in the field when temperatures are consistently above 9 degrees.

Direct seeding in the field is possible but impractical because you have to wait too long to plant and part of the harvest potential is lost. In the detailed explanation of how to plant eggplant, the whole operation is explained in detail.

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