Fuchsia – Tips for my garden

fuchsia bush plant

The plant genus called Fuchsia includes a hundred species of shrubs, belonging to the Onagraceae family. A plant cultivated for ornamental purposes, it is distinguished by its particular and abundant flowering. The foliage is deciduous, light or dark green in color and the margins can be indented depending on the different varieties. The Fuchsia plant, to be grown in pots or baskets in regions with harsh winters, can only grow in the ground in places where temperatures do not drop below five degrees. The flowers can be single or grouped in clusters, hanging, the tubular calyx and the corolla are often of different colors. The flowering period lasts the entire summer season, at the end of which the plant produces small purple berries.

Cultivation of fuchsia plant species

The fuchsia plant, grown for ornamental purposes, requires very fertile soil, consisting of humus and sand, to grow exuberantly. It is important to ensure good drainage to avoid the appearance of root rot. Some hybrids are able to withstand harsh winter temperatures, behaving like deciduous perennials, vegetative recovery will begin with the arrival of the spring season. Fuchsia specimens love light but need to be filtered, especially in summer. Irrigation is periodic and abundant in summer, while it should be reduced to what is strictly necessary during the cold season. In spring and autumn, it is advisable to administer organic fertilizer for flowering plants, which will be periodically diluted with irrigation water.

Multiplication and pruning of fuchsia plants.

It is possible to reproduce new fuchsia plants by seed, but to obtain specimens with the same genetic characteristics, it is better to use the technique of cuttings. From August to September, the non-flowering apical tips can be removed, the oblique cut should be treated with rooting powder to accelerate the birth of new roots. Subsequently, the cuttings should be placed in a cool, sheltered place, in containers filled with sand and peat. The Fuchsia ornamental plant can be pruned to take care of it and delineate its shape. To obtain a greater number of branches, it is advisable to cut the main stem frequently, especially in older specimens. Also, any damaged or diseased branches should be removed and pruned.

Plants grown for ornamental purposes, there are many different species and varieties, such as Fuchsia magellanica. Numerous inflorescences are produced from July to October, they are two-colored, pink and purple. This species is among the most used to experiment with hybrid selections and genetic crosses. Among them is the Hawkshead Fuchsia, which is characterized by candid white flowers or the Golden Marinka Fuchsia with yellow foliage and red pendulous inflorescences. Pink tones for the fuchsia Susan Green variety, while the compact habit and erect flowers distinguish the Fuchsia Bon Accord, the corolla is red and the waxy-looking glass is white. Double flowers for the Fuchsia Flying Cloud hybrid selection, the cup is veined with red and the petals are white.

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