Have a garden at home , growing your own vegetables to take to the table, having the fruits of the plants that you take care of constantly for months is a unique and incomparable experience. For some, this can be a small luxury, because due to lack of space, not everyone can afford it.
Starting a garden from scratch is a goal that can be shared with the family and engage everyone, even with little space, even just a balcony.
You will have a small green space that will attract the attention and curiosity of friends and guests, a source of satisfaction and pride, even for the taste of eating your own tomatoes, lettuce or spinach.
And what if you have kids or nephews, they love to collect and eat their own food, in fact this is one of the most successful activities in any city camp
When is the best time to start?
There are two best times of year to start preparing the garden: late February or spring.Find the ground. The first thing you need to make a garden: the land to cultivate. If you don’t have it available, borrow it or rent it, in many cases even municipal governments have gardens that are managed by citizens. The important thing is that the future garden is close to home: its cultivation requires daily commitment.
How is the garden fertilized?
The best fertilizer of all is manure: it is natural and rich in micronutrients. An economical and environmentally friendly alternative is compost. Once the soil has been dug up and freed of weeds and stones, mix the fertilizer or compost into the soil using a rake.
Once all the preparation operations have been carried out, it is time to sow and plant. In reality, planting is an operation reserved for more experienced farmers; for a neophyte it is better to start by buying seedlings already germinated in the nursery, which only remains to be transplanted.
it’s time to cultivate
After placing the seedlings, the actual cultivation begins. Without fear! Maintaining a small allotment garden is not complicated, even those who have never done it before can do it. Here are the most important operations that must be carried out in daily management:
- cannabis control Without being fussy, it’s best to keep the beds weed-free, especially when the plants are small. Mulch can help.
- Soil excavation. Garden soil is useful if periodically turned over with light surface weeding. It also helps control weeds.
- Irrigation. Plants need water to live. When wetting depends on weather conditions, don’t let the ground get too dry. For a small garden it is not necessary to make an irrigation system, a watering can will suffice.
- Fertilization. In most cases, fertilizer can be applied before you start working the land. In some cases it is also useful to fertilize during cultivation, but most often it is not necessary. To obtain compost, it is good to do home composting (a simple and ecological practice!), thus reusing organic waste, such as kitchen waste.
diseases and insects
The garden can be affected by certain adversities: insects and diseases especially. Those who are new and starting from scratch will not always be able to fix it, because it is not easy to recognize problems without experience at the right time. Do not be discouraged, with practice you will learn to take care of the garden and even better to prevent evils.
Being a beginner does not allow the use of harmful chemicals: always keep in mind that pesticides and fungicides prohibited in organic farming can be toxic treatments, both for those who eat vegetables and for those who work in the field. garden. I recommend always from organic farming It is an ecological and healthy option.
When you notice something wrong (plants struggling to grow, yellowing, cut leaves, presence of insects, brown spots, rot, …) find out what it could be. There is a lot of useful information on the web or in gardening manuals.