Spain is lucky to be a country where there are several different climates, and even more microclimates. This makes it possible to cultivate a wide variety of plants in the world, with flowers being the most popular. And it is that the Spaniards, if there is something that we really like to do, it is to decorate our houses with floral vases and/or with small plants that produce showy flowers.
But where (more) flowers grow in Spain? Which communities are the main producers? Well, if you are curious, then I will answer this question, but also, I will tell you some of the native species of this country.
Where are the main flower growers in Spain?
Plants that produce ornamental flowers, such as carnations or geraniums, are favorites among Spaniards. But to find out where they are grown the most, you have to go to the Mediterranean region.
There, they enjoy a temperate climate with hot summers and mild winters, with occasional frosts. In addition, the relative humidity is very high due to the influence of the sea on the region, so the plants can grow comfortably.
Now well, neither can we forget the Canary Islands. In this archipelago, the climate is even more benevolent, especially at low altitudes, being able to grow tropical and subtropical plants almost effortlessly.
But if you want to know where others are growing, here’s the list:
- Andalusia: Specifically, it is in Cadiz and Seville that they are grown the most, carnations and carnations being the favorites.
- Canary Islands: as the climate is much milder, we take the opportunity here to grow chrysanthemums, strelitzias, and other flowers, such as roses.
- Catalonia: In this part of the Mediterranean region grow bulbous plants of temperate climates, such as the gladiolus or the lily, as well as other plants such as the carnation and the rosebush.
- Region of Murcia: Mainly carnations are grown there, but also gerberas or chrysanthemums, and even bulbous plants such as gladioli.
- Valencian Community: Roses, gerberas, carnations, lilies, chrysanthemums, lisianthus and others are grown.
But although many plants for cut flowers come from other countries, the truth is that here we have several species that are truly valuable. Want to know which ones? Check:
Wildflowers of Spain, the most beautiful
If you are curious what they are, then we are going to tell you their names so you can learn more about the flora of Spain:
Poppy (papaver rhoeas)
The poppy is an herb that is indeed found in Eurasia and North Africa, and not only in Spain. But even so, you should know that although there are white flowers, the most common in our country is red. It lives only a few months, during which it germinates, grows, flowers and after producing seeds, it dies. It reaches 50 centimeters in height and blooms in spring.
Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus)
The carnation is the national flower of Spain, where it grows on the Iberian Peninsula. It can reach up to 50 centimeters in height, and blooms from spring to summer. Its flowers measure about 3 centimeters, and are red, white, yellow, pink and sometimes two-tone.
wild gladiolus (Gladiolus communis)
The wild gladiolus or rooster’s comb as it is also called, grows in the Mediterranean region, to be more exact, in the east of the Iberian Peninsula and in the Balearic Islands. It reaches a height of about 30 centimeters, making it the smallest variety of gladiolus. Its flowers are a beautiful lilac colorand measures about 2 centimeters.
Saint-Robert grass (Geranium robertianum)
San Roberto grass is an annual or biennial plant that grows in humid regions with calcareous soil in Europe, and of course in Spain. Reaches a height of 40 to 50 centimetersand its flowers are small, about 2 centimeters, and lilac.
bee orchid (Ophrys apifera)
The bee orchid is a terrestrial plant native to the Mediterranean region that reaches a height of 50 centimeters. It develops an underground tuberous root, which serves as a food reserve during the summer, when it is at rest. blooms in springproducing flowers that actually look like bees.
Blue immortelle (Limonium sinuatum)
The blue immortelle has many other names: statice, immortelle des sables, capitana. It is a plant native to the Mediterranean that lives for several years, reaching a height of up to 45 centimeters. Blooms in summer and falland it does this by producing bluish flowers.
red tagine (Echium wildpretii)
The red tajinaste is a biennial plant endemic to the Canary Islands that attracts a lot of attention when it flowers, in its second year of life. In doing so, produces a huge inflorescence, which can exceed 50 centimeters in length, and which consists of numerous coral-red flowers. Of course, you should know that it grows on rocky soils with perfect drainage, so in cultivation it must be planted in lands that do not easily flood.
I hope you liked what we told you about flowers in Spain.